Transactions
of the Azov-Black Sea Ornithological Station
Branta Cover Language of the article: Ukrainian Cite: Fesenko, H. V. (2018). Traditions of usage of national species and genus names in scientific works. Branta: Transactions of the Azov-Black Sea Ornithological Station, 21, 7-18 Keywords: the Ukrainian bird nomenclature, names of genera and species, orders of usage Views: 553 Branta copyright Branta license

Branta Issues > Issue №21 (2018)

Branta: Transactions of the Azov-Black Sea Ornithological Station, 7-18

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/branta2018.21.007

Traditions of usage of national species and genus names in scientific works

H. V. Fesenko

Schmalhausen Institute for Zoology, NAS of Ukraine

The article deals with the analysis of using different forms of species and genus national bird names in faunistics issues and special works on nomenclature in Ukrainian, published over the last century and a half. In the middle of the 19th century, when our national natural nomenclature was first presented in the works of  I. Verkhratsky, five types of names were introduced to denominate biological species.  It is shown, that in the 20th century it became traditional to represent the species names in the order of the Latin nomenclature, i.e. in form of  «noun + adjective». Some Ukrainian researchers, who initially used the Ukrainian species names in the form of «adjective + noun», later became adherents of the use of species names in the opposite word order. In addition, the Ukrainian species names can traditionally be one-word if they are individual (e.g., «berkut», «balaban», «bryzhach», «grak» etc.). The opposite word order in two-word names happens only occasionally. Probably, this form of names in our national scientific literature has arisen under the influence of some foreign languages. Moreover in the Ukrainian nomenclature of birds there is a tradition of using both one-word and two-word genus names. The history of the Ukrainian bird nomenclature shows examples when two-part name of the genus in the sequence «adjective + noun» was supplemented by the adjective in the postpositions to form the species name. In this way many three-word names of species were formed, but ornithologists did not use them in practice. Over the past two decades, there has been a tradition to present  genus names in the form of «adjective + noun». This gives an opportunity to distinguish similar names of bird species and genus, consisting of two words. It is suggested that if the name of the genus consists of «adjective + noun», then for the formation of the species names of this genus it is necessary to use only the corresponding noun. In addition, it is specified that all names of genera must be written with a capital letter to show individual character of each genus name, while similar species names must be written with a small one, since they can be used not only to refer to species taxon but also as an analogue of the word «bird».
 

Read the paper in a PDF file
References:
  • Multilingual European Bird Dictionary: Bird names in Ukrainian. (2017). Retrieved from https://goo.gl/TU4mTv
  • Bokotei, A.A, Dziubenko, N.V., Gorban, I.M., Kuchynska, I.V., Bashta, A.-T.V., Pohranychny, V. O., Senyk, M. A. (2010). Breeding avifauna of Upper Dnister Basin. Lviv.  [in Ukrainian]
  • Fesenko, H. (2010). Birds of gardens and parks of Kyiv. Kryvyi Rih: Print house “Mineral”. [in Ukrainian]
  • Fesenko, H. (2007). Forms of the Ukrainian names of genus rank in classification of bird fauna of Ukraine. Visnyk of Lviv University: Biology series, (43), 3–12. [in Ukrainian]
  • Fesenko, H.V., & Bokotei, A. A. (2002). Birds of fauna of Ukraine: the field guide.  Kyiv: Print house “Novy druk”. [in Ukrainian]
  • Fesenko, H. V., & Bokotei, A. A. (2007). The Annotated List of the Ukrainian Scientific Names of the Bird Species Belonging to the Fauna of Ukraine (with Characteristics of Status of the Species). (3rd ed.). Kyiv - Lviv. [in Ukrainian]
  • Formaniuk, O. A., Haidash, A. M., & Kivhanov, D. A. (2012). First Record of the Dusky Warbler (Phylloscopus fuscatus) in Ukraine. Berkut, 21 (1–2), 205–206. [in Russian]
  • Kistiakivsky, O. B. (1957). Grouses and partridges. Pigeons and doves. Crakes, rail and coot. Cranes. Bustards. Waders. Gulls and terns. Kyiv: Print house at Academy of Sciences of UkSSR. (Fauna of Ukraine: Birds, 4). [in Ukrainian]
  • Kovalik, P., Pačenovský, S., Čapek, M., & Topercer, Já. (2010). Slovenské mená vtákov sveta. Bratislava.
  • Markevych, O. P., & Tatarko, K. I. (1983). Russian, Ukrainian and Latin Zoological Dictionary: Terminology and Nomenclature. : (p. 410). Kyiv: Naukova dumka. [in Ukrainian]
  • Marysova, I.V., & Talposh, V.C. (1984). Birds of Ukraine. Kyiv: Vyshcha shcola. [in Ukrainian]
  • Akimov, I. A. (Ed.). (2009). Red Data Book of Ukraine. Animal Kingdom. Kyiv: Global Consulting. [in Ukrainian]
  • Shcherbak, M. M. (Ed.). (1994). Red Data Book of Ukraine. Animal Kingdom. Kyiv: Print house “Ukrainska encyklopedia.” [in Ukrainian]
  • Red Data Book of Ukrainian SSR. (1980). Kyiv: Naukova dumka. [in Ukrainian]
  • Scharlemann, M.V. (1927). Dictionary of Zoological Nomenclature: Bird Names: (p. 63). Kyiv: State print house of Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]
  • Scharlemann, M.V. (1938). Birds of UkSSR. Kyiv: Print house at Academy of Sciences of UkSSR. [in Ukrainian]
  • Smohorzhevsky, L. O. (1979). Divers. Grebes. Shearwaters and storm-petrel. Pelicans and cormorant. Herons, storks and ibises. Flamingo. Kyiv: Naukova dumka. (Fauna of Ukraine: Birds, 5 (1) ). [in Ukrainian]
  • The Ukrainian orthography. (2012). Kyiv: Naukova dumka. [in Ukrainian]
  • Verkhratsky, I. (1864). Beginnings at compiling of popular and natural nomenclature and terminology as well as note about tarantula wolf spider. (Vol. 1). Lviv. [in Ukrainian]
  • Verkhratsky, I. (1869). Beginnings at compiling of popular and natural nomenclature and terminology. (Vol. 2). Lviv.  [in Ukrainian]
  • Verkhratsky, I. (1872 а). Beginnings at compiling of popular and natural nomenclature and terminology. (Vol. 4).  Lviv. [in Ukrainian]
  • Verkhratsky, I. (1872 б). Beginnings at compiling of popular and natural nomenclature and terminology. (Vol. 5). Lviv. [in Ukrainian]
  • Verkhratsky, I. (1908). New data on popular and natural nomenclature and terminology taken among people. Transaction of Mathematics, Nature and Medicines Section of Shevchenko Scientific Society, 5, 84. [in Ukrainian]
  • Verkhratsky, I. (1922). Zoology for elementary classes of secondary school. Lviv. [in Ukrainian]
  • Voinstvensky, M. A. (1984). Birds. Kyiv. [in Ukrainian]
  • Voinstvensky, M. A., & Kistiakivsky, O. B. (1952).  Guide to birds of UkSSR (1st ed.). Kyiv. [in Ukrainian]
  • Voinstvensky, M. A., & Kistiakivsky, O. B. (1962). Guide to birds of UkSSR. (2nd ed.). Kyiv. [in Ukrainian]
  • Avibase – the world bird database. (2017). Retrieved from hhttps://goo.gl/hqFTMd  
  • Zubarovsky, V. M. (1977). Birds of prey. Kyiv: Naukova dumka. (Fauna of Ukraine: Birds, 5(2) ). [in Ukrainian]