Branta: Transactions of the Azov-Black Sea Ornithological Station, 73-80
Development and current status of Wood Pigeon (Columba palumbus) urban populations in Belarus
V. V. Sakhvon
The paper discusses development, spatial distribution and current status of Wood Pigeon (Columba palumbus) urban populations in Belarus. The data were collected in 2012–2015 in most towns and cities of Belarus. The census of Wood Pigeons was carried out by a Finnish linear transect method covering the entire number of the most suitable habitats; an absolute birds census was carried in parks and public gardens. The first nesting cases of Wood Pigeons in an urban habitat were registered in the mid 1990s and occurred in the western regions of Belarus. Especially rapid colonization of the cities in an eastward direction was recorded in the end of the 2000s shifting the species distribution range 300 km to the east. Currently, the border of the range follows the line Grodno-Lida-Minsk-Borisov-Baranovichi-Zhitkovichi-Stolin. The hypothesis of colonization of Belarusian cities by Wood Pigeons from European urban populations is supported. Wood Pigeons prefer the alleys planted along roads and pedestrian areas as nesting sites in the urban habitat, probably due to a comparatively lower pressure from the predators.
Read the paper in a PDF file
- Abramova, I. V., & Gajduk, V. E. (2005). Ecology of Wood Pigeon (Columba palumbus L.) in the south-west of Belarus. Vestnik Brestskogo Universiteta [Bull. of Brest Univ.], 1 (22), 67–72. [in Russian]
- Astafjeva, T. V., & Grishanov, G. V. (2012). Wood Pigeon Columba palumbus L. in cities of Kaliningrad Region. Vestnik Brestskogo Universiteta [Bull. of Brest Univ.], 7, 52–57. [in Russian]
- Bea, A., et al. (2011). Woodland and urban populations of the Woodpigeon Columba palumbus in the Eastern Baltic Region. Ardeola, 58 (2), 315–321.
- Daczkevich, V. A. (1998). History and some results of ornithological studies in Bialowieza Forest (1945–1985). Vitebsk: VGU im. Masherova [Vitebsk St. Univ. Press]. [in Russian]
- Fedzushin, A. V., & Dolbik, M. S. (1967). Birds of Belarus. Minsk: Nauka i Tekhnika. [in Russian]
- Gajduk, V. E., & Abramova, I.V. (2009). Bird ecology in the south-west of Belarus. Non-Passerines. Brest: BrGu [Brest St. Univ. Press]. [in Russian]
- Gavrilov, E. I., Ivanchev, V. P., Kotov, A. A., et al. (1993). Birds of Russia and adjacent regions: Pterocletiformes, Columbiformes, Cuculiformes, Strigiformes. Moscow: Nauka. [in Russian]
- Inglis, I. R., Isaacson, A. J., & Thearle, R. J. P. (1994). Long-term changes in the breeding biology of the Woodpigeon Columba palumbus in eastern England. Ecography, 17, 182–188.
- Järvinen, O., & Väisänen, R. A. (1977). Line transect method: a standard for fieldwork. Polish Ecol. Stud., 3 (4), 11–15.
- Kozulin, A. V., Shklyarov, L. P., & Yaminskij, B. V. (1979). Structure of summer bird communities of Central Botanical Garden of Academy of Sciences, BSSR. In Proceedings of the 7th ornitholog. conference (pp. 204–205). Moscow: Nauka [in Russian]
- Kusenkov, A. N. (1990). Seasonal changes of bird densities in Gomel. Vesti AN BSSR [Bull. of Acad. Of Sci of Belarus](Series: Biological Sciences), 6, 103–105. [in Belarusian]
- Nikiforov, M. E., Yaminskij, B. V., & Shklyarov, L. P. (1989). Birds of Belarus: guide of nests and eggs. Minsk: Vyshejshaya shkola. [in Russian]
- Nikiforov, M. E., et al. (1997). Birds of Belarus at the border of the 21st century. Minsk: Korolev. [in Russian]
- Sakhvon, V. V. (2011). The ecological characteristics of bird communities of floodplain forests in Belarus (PhD thesis). Minsk. [in Russian]
- Shnitnikov, V. N. (1913). Birds of Minsk Region. In Materials on fauna and flora of Russian Empire. (Vol. 12, 475 p.). [in Russian]
- Shochat, E., et al. (2006). From patterns to emerging processes in urban evolutionary ecology. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 21, 186–191.
- Tomiałojć, L. (1976). The urban population of the wood pigeon Columba palumbus Linneaus, 1758 in Europe – its origin, increase and distribution. Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia, 21, 586–631.
- Tomiałojć, L. (1980). The combined version of mapping method. In Proc. 6th Int. Conf. Bird Census Work (pp. 92-106). Gottingen: University of Gottingen.