Transactions
of the Azov-Black Sea Ornithological Station
Branta Cover Language of the article: Russian Cite: Chernichko, I. I., Diadicheva, E. A., Popenko, V. M., Chernichko, R. N. (2017). Birds of the wetland “Shallow part of the Utliukskyi Liman” (north-western part of the Azov Sea region). Branta: Transactions of the Azov-Black Sea Ornithological Station, 20, 39-68 Views: 65 Branta copyright Branta license

Branta Issues > Issue №20 (2017)

Branta: Transactions of the Azov-Black Sea Ornithological Station, 39-68

Birds of the wetland “Shallow part of the Utliukskyi Liman” (north-western part of the Azov Sea region)

I. I. Chernichko, E. A. Diadicheva, V. M. Popenko, R. N. Chernichko

Keywords: birds, seasonal aspect of number and species composition, Utliukskyi Liman, north-western part of the Azov Sea region

The value of the shallow part of the Utliukskyi Liman for birds in all seasons of the year is poorly studied. Periodical censuses, carried out during synchronized August censuses under the ROM Programme, showed the simultaneous presence from 70,000 to 120,000 waterbirds. Regular winter censuses also confirm the liman importance. Though significantly transformed by human activity, this area still demonstrate high ornithological value, and recent inclusion of several parts of the Utliukskyi Liman in the territory of the Priazovskyi National Nature Park requires more detailed description of its bird population. 
To prepare this paper we used disaggregated published information about birds of the liman, and, predominantly, the data collected by the staff of the ornithological station in the course of 66 complete and opportunistic counts (1987-2016), most of them participated by the authors of this publication. A method of absolute bird counts using telescopes and binoculars, and less frequently a method of linear transects on coastal areas were applied.
The spring season (March-May) was assessed according to 13 counts, during which 121 bird species were recorded. Their summarized number for all counts amounted to 145,121 individuals (Table 1). The dominants were Charadriiformes (38 species), then, with a large gap, Anseriformes followed (17 species). The number of Passeriformes in spite of high diversity of their species (30) was insignificant due to specificities of a basic method of absolute bird counts in the area.
Among 121 species, registered during spring migration, only 43 (14 of 26 wader, 7 of 17 geese, and 5 of 30 passerine species were recorded during all three months. The most stable was the species composition of gulls (4 of 7 species). Relating to species composition it should be noted that in March and April the number of registered species was almost the same (69/90), though the similarity index (2.03 Sorensen index) between months was low. According to the number, undoubted leaders were the Ruff (Philomachus pugnax) and Coot (Fulica atra).
On breeding, 86 bird species were recorded (Table 2), of them for 4 species - Ardeolla ralloides, Platalea leucorodia, Buteo rufinus, and Falco subbuteo (judging from registration of their pairs in suitable habitats) - the nesting is highly probable though not proved.  
Summering is known for 55 bird species (Table 3), with a total number for all counts equaling to 25,036 individuals. In addition to the species, mentioned in the table, Cygnus cygnus is mentioned among summering birds in the last century (1965) (Lysenko, 1991).
Autumn migrations are the most numerous and excel spring ones. During 31 (21 complete) counts a total of 163 species were recorded (Table 4). In autumn, the number of Anseriformes, daytime birds of prey and Passeriformes species increased. The autumn migrations also dominate according to the number of rare species (35), included in the Red Data Book of Ukraine (2009). According to the published data, the autumn bird community is added by 3 species: Anser erythropus, Anser fabalis, and Chen caerulescens (Lysenko, 1991). Possible reasons of more abundant autumn migrations, compared with spring ones, are discussed. 
Wintering is rather numerous though having less number of species than in other seasons. During 13 (including 8 complete) counts there were recorded 146,265 individuals, 75 species, of them 14 are rare, included in the Red Data Book of Ukraine (2009), with a total number of 4,835 individuals (Table 5).
For all known period of observations at the Utliukskyi Liman a total of 192 bird species were recorded. Taking into account the importance of the Utliukslyi Liman in supporting numbers of migratory populations of birds (usually more than 20,000 individuals for watebird species) and a considerable portion of rare bird species in the overall bird community, this area corresponds to a status of the wetland of international importance according to criteria 2, 4, 5 (Table 5, Fig. 5). 

Read the paper in a PDF file
References:
  • Akimov, I.A. (Ed.) (2009). Red Data Book of Ukraine. Animal world. Kyiv: Globalconsulting. [in Ukrainian]
  • Andryushchenko, Yu. A., Gorlov, P. I., Kinda, V. V., Kostyushin, V. A., Koshelev, A. I., Lysenko, V. I., Popenko, V. M., Siokhin, V.D., Chernichko, I. I. (1998). Distribution and number of wintering birds in Sivash and Azov Sea regions. In Winter counts of birds at the Azov-Black Sea coast of Ukraine. Transactions. (pp. 3-13). Kiev: Wetlands International. [in Russian]
  • Andryushchenko, Yu. A., Gorlov, P I., Kinda, V. V., Kostyushin, V. A., Koshelev, A. I., Oleynik, D. S., Peresadko, L. V., Pokusa, R. V., Popenko, V. M., Popenko, K. V., Falko, A. N., Chernichko, I. I. (2001). Results of mid-winter bird counts at Sivash and north-western part of the Azov Sea region in 2000. In Winter counts of birds at the Azov-Black Sea coast of Ukraine. Proceedings ofthe 20th conference of the Azov-Black Sea Ornithological Working Group. (Iss. 3, pp. 29-33). Odessa-Kiev: Wetlands International. [in Russian]
  • Andryushchenko, Yu. A. (Ed.). (2011). ROM Bulletin: Results of mid-winter censuses of waterfowl in 2005, 2007-2010 in the Azov-Black Sea region of Ukraine, 7. [parallel Russian/English texts]
  • Chernichko, I. I. (Ed.). (2004). ROM Bulletin: Results of the regional ornithological monitoring (Southern Ukraine and Eastern Priazovie). Winter 2002/2003, 1. [parallel Russian/English texts]
  • Chemichko, I. I. (Ed.). (2005). ROM Bulletin: Results of the regional ornithological monitoring. August 2004. Azov-Black Sea Coast of Ukraine, 2. [parallel Russian/English texts]
  • Chernichko, I. I. (Ed.). (2008). ROM Bulletin: Results of the regional ornithological monitoring. August 2006. Eastern Europe, 3. [parallel Russian/English texts]
  • Chernichko, I. I. (Ed.). (2008). ROM Bulletin: Results of the regional ornithological monitoring. August 2009. South-Eastern Europe, 5. [parallel Russian/English texts]
  • Chernichko, I. I. (Ed.). (2010). ROM Bulletin: Results of the regional ornithological monitoring. October 2010. South-Eastern Europe, 6. [parallel Russian/English texts]
  • Chernichko, I. I. (Ed.). (2014). ROM Bulletin: Results of the regional ornithological monitoring. August 2012. South-Eastern Europe, 8. [parallel Russian/English texts]
  • Chernichko, I. I., & Kostyushin, V. A. (Eds.). (2015). ROM Bulletin: Results of the regional ornithological monitoring. Special issue. Restrospective review of results of ornithological monitoring in wetlands: Molochnyi Liman, 9. [parallel Russian/English texts]
  • Chernichko I.I., Kostiushyn V.A., Vinokurova S.V (2016). Importance of Utliukskiy Liman for the protection of waterbirds in the Azov-Black Sea Region during autumn migration. Vestnik zoologii, 50 (5), 429-446.
  • Diadicheva, E. A., Chernichko, I. I., Popenko, V. M., & Chernichko, R. N. (2015). The seasonal dynamics of avifauna at Bolhradskyi Syvashyk Liman (Zaporizhzhia, Kherson regions). Branta: Transactions of the Azov-Black Sea Ornithological Station, 18, 75-94. [in Russian]
  • Fesenko, G. V. (Ed.). (2009). ROM Bulletin: Results of mid-winter counts of waterfowl in 2006 in the Azov-Black Sea region of Ukraine: adaptation of IWC techniques and their approbation, 4. [parallel Russian/English texts]
  • Gozhik, P. F. (1984). History of limans development. In I. I. Molodykh, V. P. Usenko, N. N. Palatnaya, et al. (Eds.), Geology of shelf limans of UkrSSR (pp. 76-80). Kiev: Naukova Dumka. [in Russian]
  • Koshelev, A. I., Koshelev, V. A., Peresadko, L. V., & Popenko, K.V. (2002). Results of the Christmas census of wintering birds in the northern part of the Azov Sea region in January 2001. Monitoring of wintering birds in the Azov-Black Sea region of Ukraine (pp. 30-40). Odessa-Kiev. [in Russian]
  • Koshelev, A. I., Koshelev, V. A., & Peresadko, L. V. (2004). Dynamics of species composition and numbers of Ciconiiformes birds in the northern part of the Azov Sea region (1988-2004). Branta: Transactions of the Azov-Black Sea Ornithological Station, 7, 111-130. [in Russian]
  • Kostiushyn, V., Andryuschenko, Yu., Goradze, I., Abuladze, A., Mamuchadze, J., & Erciyas, K. (2011). Wintering waterbird census in the Azov-Black Sea coastal wetlands of Ukraine, Georgia and Turkey. Wetlands International Black Sea programme.
  • Popenko, V. M. (2011). New findings of breeding birds in the North-Western Azov area. Branta: Transactions of the Azov-Black Sea Ornithological Station, 14, 157-161. [in Russian]